Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Saturday, May 8, 2021

The Implementation of Tariqa Naqshbandiyah's Sufism Values in South Celebes :                             Hadarah Hadarah& A. Gani -Journal of Social Studies Education Research 2019:10 (2),243-269

Abstract For Muslims, particularly those interested in Sufism, the existence of the Naqshbandiyah Sufi order has a peculiar position. It is because of, among others, the considerable effect of Sufi order's tenet on the Islamic world, particularly in Indonesia, India, China, and Middle East countries. In Indonesia, the impact of Sufi order tenet has been distributed to nearly entire areas, including in South Celebes area. Even for South Celebes people, the existence of Naqshbandiyah Sufi order plays an important part because its existence is attributed with the great teacher in this area, Sheikh Yusuf al-Makassari. Sheikh Yusuf was believed as the first one to introduce Naqshbandiyah sufi order in Indonesia. This research aims at studying how the method to obtain fundamental values is developed in the Naqshbandiyah sufi order. Mainly, this research would like to explore the tenets practiced by South Celebes people. Also, to be discovered in this research are its actual plot in South Celebes, and the practical benefits it has that affect the social life of South Celebes people, particularly from their ibadah and muamalah aspects.

Conclusion and Implications The Naqshabandiyah Order has a vital role in the dynamics of the life of the people of South Sulawesi. Socially and culturally reflected the pattern of religious and cultural communication in it. The combination of spiritual teachings and cultural rituals in the Naqshabandiyah Order became a single unit with multiple impacts. The real impact is the religious perspective and pattern and how to socialize religious teachings with the social environment. Likewise, the important thing is the influence on the mindset and behavior patterns of the people of South Sulawesi colored by the values of Islamic teachings that nuanced the tarekat, especially the Naqshabandiyah order. As Islamic da'wah was first developed by three mubballig from Minangkabau in this area, the three muballig from Minangkabau West Sumatra started their preaching with Sufism values in the science of proximity. Also, the presence and influence of Shaykh Yûsûf al-Makassarî as a figure, Sufi bearer of the teachings of the Naqshabandiyah Order brought a holy spirit that was in line with the fundamental beliefs of the community so that it further strengthened the development of the Naqshabandiyah Order which ensured the new people in South Sulawesi. This Naqshabandiyah Order is a religious ritual group combined with cultural practices. This tarekat was not only a gathering place but also became a means of strengthening the Ukhuwwah Islamiyyah which became more actual when it was connected with the problem of social solidarity because in essence humans were social beings. In addition, the communication pattern of South Sulawesi religion and culture can also be seen when it coincides with religious custom events, besides that in the Naqshabandiyah tarekat institution it becomes a place to cure diseases; from minor illnesses to severe illnesses that doctors and hospitals cannot cure; like HIV AIDS, Santet disease and mental disorders or stress.Another thing and belief by the people of South Sulawesi that the practice of the Naqshabandiyah Order can bring blessings in the cultural rituals it carries out. Also, through routine practice in wirid, dhikr and khatam tawajjuh are the basis of the formation of patterns of action (model of) or cognitive systems whereas the values of spiritual belief in the features of the Naqshabandiyah Order culture are as a model for work or a value system. The impact of the practice of the Naqshabandiyah Order, the culprit, can feel a positive energy that brings calm and happiness. To get the blessings of Sufistic values, they usually use water as a medium by only being stored in a container and placed in a particular place that has been provided during the wirid, dhikr and khatam tawajjuh rituals, which are useful for relatives, relatives, and people who require by only drinking like drinking plain water, the benefits are as a manifestation of sacrality in profanity (hierophany). This shows that in the Naqshabandiyah Order, it contains Sufistic values that are so transcendent and intertwined in the cultural value system that they can enhance the integrity of the Sulawesi-Selatan community as a religious-culturalist society. Thus the existence of the Naqshabandiyah Congregation is always maintained as a means of mediation and meditation to get closer to God through sufistic values that are internalized in cultural values. The South Sulawesi community, in the context of contemporary life (the modern era), was influenced by the teachings of the Naqshabandiyah Order, and this was evident in its tendency to carry out the "modern" Sufi lifestyle. They believe that true tarekat is the one who stands on the right shari'a. The point as a "safe mode" is to carry out the teachings of Islam sincerely and always avoid things that are forbidden by Allah, as outlined by Islamic law whose values are inherently embedded in Sufism through the tarekat as the teachings of the Naqsyabandiyah Order in South Sulawesi.

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