Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Shaykh Mirzā Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān (RA) - Biography


Hazrat Mirza Mir Mazhar e Jaane Jaana{RA} | Dargah Awlia

Mirzā Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān Biography

Hadhrat Mirzā Mazhar Jān-e-Jānān Shahīd, may Allah sanctify his secret, was born on Friday 11th Ramadān 1111 AH. He was an Alawi by descent, from the descendants of Sayyidina Imam Ali, may Allah be pleased with him.
The great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, who was also a follower of the Naqshbandi tariqah, suggested Jān-e-Jān as his name which later turned into Jān-e-Jānān.
At the age of 18, he entered the servitude and spiritual studentship of Hadhrat Sayyid Nūr Muhammad Badāyūnī (1135 AH), a great Naqshbandi shaykh and a khalifah of Khwaja Saifuddīn Fārūqī Sirhindī (1096 AH). After four years, he received khilafah from his shaykh in the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi tariqah. When his shaykh passed away, he used to receive Fayd and spiritual training from the grave of his shaykh for about six years.
At last, his shaykh commanded him to seek a living Sufi master to strengthen the Nisbah and seek further spiritual stages in this path. Thus he went to different masters of the Naqshbandi tariqah, and spent most of his years with three Sufi masters:
Hājī Muhammad Afzal Siyālkotī (d. 1146 AH) who received Nisbah from Khwājā Muhammad Naqshband Sirhindī and Shaykh Abdul Ahad Wahdat Sirhindī. Mirzā Mazhar received the Ijāzā of Hadith from him.
Hāfiz Sa’adullāh (d. 11 Shawwāl 1152 AH), khalifah of Shaykh Muhammad Siddīq Sirhindī who was a son and khalifah of Khwājā Muhammad Masūm Sirhindī
Shaykh Muhammad Ābid Sunnāmī (d. 18 Ramadān 1160 AH), khalifah of Shaykh Abdul Ahad Wahdat Sirhindī
Among his famous pupils is the great Mufassir of the Holy Quran Allamah Qādī Thanāullāh Pānīpatī (1225 AH) who wrote many books in the sciences of Fiqh, Tafsīr, Tasawwuf, among them the Tafsir al-Mazhari.
He was martyred by a Rafidhī who shot him with a gun on 7th Muharram 1195 AH, and he passed away to the eternal world in the night of Saturday 10th Muharram 1195 AH. He was buried in his khānqāh in Delhi, India.
The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Shāh Abd-Allāh Ghulām-Alī Dihlawī.
Bibliography
Maqāmāt-i Mazharī (Persian), by Shāh Ghulām Alī Dahlawī Mujaddidī
Bengali translation
Turkish translation published by Hakikat Kitabevi
Urdu translation by Muhammad Iqbāl Mujaddidī
Mīrzā Mazhar Jān-i-Jānān Aor Un Kā Urdū Kalām (Urdu), by Abdur-Razzāq Qureshī, Mumbai, 1961
Mirzā Mazhar Jān-i-Jānān: Un Kā Uhd Aor Urdū Shāirī (Urdu), by Dr. Syed Tabārak Alī Naqshbandī, New Delhi, 1988
Makātīb-i Mīrzā Mazhar (Persian), by Abdur-Razzāq Qureshī, Mumbai, 1966
Maktūbāt Mirzā Mazhar Jān-i-Jānān Shahīd, Urdu translation by Khalīq Anjum, Lahore 1997
Tārīkh wa Tazkirah Khānqāh-i Mazhariya Dehlī (Urdu), by Muhammad Nazīr Rānjhā, Lahore, 2010
Dīwān Mirzā Mazhar Jān-i-Jānān wa Kharīta-i Jawāhir (Persian), Hyderabad Pakistan, 1988
Maʻmūlāt-i Mazhariya, by Mawlānā Naīmullāh Behrāichī, Urdu translation by Muhammad Altāf Nervī, 2009
Lawāih Khānqāh-i Mazharia (Persian), by Dr. Ghulām Mustafā Khān, 1972
Source:http://maktabah.org/blog/?p=776

Khulafa - Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mirza_Mazhar_Jan-e-Janaan

In Maqamat Mazhari, his foremost Khalifa and successor Shah Ghulam Ali Dahlwai writes short biographies of many of his Khulafa (deputies). Among them were:[

  1. Qadi Thanaullah Panipati, author of Tafsir Mazhari and other notable Islamic books, descendant of Usman the third caliph of Islam
  2. Mawlana FadalUllah, elder brother of Qadi Thanaullah Panipati
  3. Mawlana AhmadUllah, eldest son of Qadi Thanaullah Panipati, famous for his braveness and fighting skills
  4. Wife of Qadi Thanaullah Panipati
  5. Shah Naim Ullah Bahraichi, author of Mamoolaat-e- Mazhariya, Basharaat-e- Mazhariya (Hand written copy in British Museum India office London.
  6. Maulvi Kalim Faruqi, scholar of Hadith and founder of the Maulvi family in Sylhet

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