Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Wednesday, June 10, 2020

The Basics of Tasawwuf - by Shaykh Muhammad Al-Yaqoubi

Prominent scholar Shaykh Muhammad Al-Yaqoubi listed among world's ... The Basics of Tasawwuf
(This chapter is by Shaykh Muhammad Al-Yaqoubi)

1- Definition: Purification of the heart.
True devotion to Allah in the ways He likes by the means He likes.
... Acting upon knowledge;
Acquiring the good characters and getting rid of the bad. 
2- Subject: Allah, as how He can be known; or hearts & souls, as how to purify them.
3- Fruit: The purification of the heart and knowing the Master of the worlds and attaining the Station of ihsan.
4- Merit: Tasawwuf is of high merit. Its nobility stems from its subject. Ihsan is one of the three levels of this deen and the highest.
5- Relation to other disciplines: It is the base of the Sharia; without it acts of worship become imperfect. It is the core of Quran and Sunnah and the tissue of Muslims spiritual life.
6- Name: The word "tasawwuf" is derived from souf (wool). Tasawwuf has been known by this name since the second century of hijra, i.e. the time of the salaf. It has been frequently called `ilm as-Sulûk (initiatic traveling & spiritual behaviour), `ilm al-Ihsân, `ilm at-Tarbiyah (cultivation) or `ilm at-Tazkiyah (purification).
7- The pioneer: The pioneer of this branch of knowledge is of course the Prophet saws. Many hadiths highlight the spiritual dimension of a Muslim's life.The earliest scholar who elaborated on it is al-Hasan al-Basriy.
8- Sources: Tasawwuf is derived from Quran and Sunnah.The sayings of the great scholars represent a rich treasure for the seekers and the masters.
9- Ruling: Acquiring tasawwuf is fard i.e. obligatory; since all human beings are susceptible to sins save for Prophets. Imam Abul Hasan ash-Shadiliy said:
“He who does not truly acquire this discipline will die persisting on major sins without being aware of it.”
10- What it tackles: Tasawwuf tackles some of the cardinal elements of the deen such as sincerity; truthfulness; religious caution (wara); conscious awareness (khushu) reliance; asceticism; love; and similarly their opposites, which are the diseases of the hearts such as insincerity; hypocrisy; arrogance; greed etc.
It also tackles subtle subjects such as the passing of thoughts; the states of the heart; inspirations. One of its most important subjects is dhikr, the remembrance (i.e. in the evocation & recitation of the name) of Allah and its virtues; another is the shaykh and his qualifications, the disciple, murid, and his adab.
11- Basic works in tasawwuf:
- The Beauty* of the Righteous by al-Hafiz Abu Nuaym al-Asfahani
- The Revival of the Sciences of the Deen- (Ihya) al-Imam al- Ghazali
- Al-Risalah of Imam Abul Qasim al-Qushayriy
- The Aphorisms, al-Hikam, of Imam Ibn Atta'illah
- Revelation of the Unseen by Imam Abdul Qadir al-Jaylaniy
- Awarif Al-Ma'arif, by al-Suhrawardi
- Qawa'id Al-Tasawwuf, by Imam Ahmad Zarooq
* (“The purpose of beauty is to draw the soul nearer to the Truth.” Sh. Umar F AbdAllah)


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