Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Friday, May 29, 2020

Shaykh Zaynulla Rasulev Naqshbandi (RA)- Biography

Zaynulla Rasulev (Zaynulla bin Khabibulla bin RasūlBashkir: Зәйнулла Рәсүлев, RussianЗайнулла́ Расу́лев, 25 March 1833 – 2 February 1917) was a Bashkir religious leader in the 19th and early 20th century. He is notable as one of the most important representatives of Jadidism and the organizer of one of the first Jadidi madrasah.
Born in 1833 in the village of Sharip in Verkheuralsk province, Orenburg Governorate (these days in the Uchalinsky DistrictRepublic of Bashkortostan, Russia) to the family of mullah of the local Islamic community. Received instruction in a medrese in his home village, then in the medrese in Troitsk. Upon instruction, began a clerical career. Since 1858, served as Imam khatib in the village of Yuldash (currently in Uchalinsky DistrictBashkortostan) .
While still in his student years, Zaynulla became interested in Sufism. In 1859, he joined the Sufi order of Naqshbandi. Received individual instruction from sheikh Ahmed Ziyaüddin Gümüşhanevi in Istanbul in 1869—1870, from whom received the Ijazah, or the authorization to teach Sufi Naqshbandi’s doctrine. Made a hajj. After returning to Bashkortostan, introduced several innovations into the local Sufi practices: singing zikr aloud, the observance of Mawlid, (the birthday of the Islamic prophet Muhammad), wearing prayer beads etc.
Endured persecution for preaching Sufizm: the local conservative mullahs and the officials of mainstream Islam accused him of disseminating heresy and undermining activity aiming at the authorities in power. Upon their written denunciation, Zaynulla Rasulev got arrested and sent to exile. Served his exile successively in Zlatoust (eight months), Nikolsk, Vologda Oblast (1873-1876) and Kostroma (1876-1881).
In 1881, he returned from exile and resumed his activity as a religious leader in the village of Aqquzha in Bashkortostan. He did a second hajj. Since 1884, Rasulev took the post of the Imam of the town mosque in Troitsk. He subsequently founded the madrasah of Rasuliya, one of the first jadidi educational institution in the Urals. He had numerous disciples and followers, and became a most influential Muslim leaders in Russia.
Zaynulla Rasulev died on February 2, 1917. He is buried in the old Muslim cemetery in Troitsk.
Numerous legends are preserved in the Bashkir public memory about the miracles and healings performed by Zaynulla Rasulev.[1]
His son, Gabdurakhman Rasulev, also became a Bashkir religious leader.
The mosque named after Zaynulla-Ishan in the town of Uchaly, Bashkortostan
·       In 2009, a mosque was opened in the town of Uchaly, Bashkortostan, named after Zaynulla-Ishan.[3]
·       A street in Ufa, Russia was named after Zanulla Rasulev in 2008
Source: Wikepedia

Sheikh Zaynullah Sharif Rasulev – eminent muslim scholar and spiritual guide
Zainullah bin Habibullah bin Rasul, also known as Zainulla-ishan, was a Russian religious figure and spiritual guide. He was born on 25 March 1833 in the village of Sharipovo in Orenburg province (now the Uchalinsky district of Bashkortostan) to the family of a religious personage.

Zainulla Sharif Rasulev studied in madrasas in his native village, then in other villages, his final spiritual education being received in the madrasa of the city of Troitsk (now in the Chelyabinsk region). After 1858, Zaynulla-ishan worked as imam-khatib in the village of Akkuzha in the Upper Urals county of Orenburg province (now also in the Uchalinsky district of Bashkortostan).
As a shakird - student of a madrasah, he became interested in Sufism. He perfected his knowledge of truth (tarikat) in Istanbul in the years 1869-1870, where he studied with Sheikh Ahmad Ziyauddin Gumushkhanevi who gave him permission (ijazah) for spiritual guidance and teaching of the Sufi Naqshbandiyya tarikat.
After 1884, Zainulla Sharif Rasulev worked as imam of the mosque in the city of Troitsk (now the Chelyabinsk region), where he founded the Rasulia madrasa, one of the first Muslim educational institutions of the Southern Urals. Zainullah-ishan had many disciples and followers and soon became one of the most influential Muslim figures in Russia. In particular, the revered theologian, Mufti and sheikh of the Naqshbandi, Shazaliy and Qadiri tarikats, Saifulla-kadi Bashlarov was trained by him in Troitsk, Chelyabinsk region. In May 1908, in the presence of invited guests and numerous murids, the honourable sheikh Zainullah Sharif Rasulev announced Saifulla-kadi as sheikh and elevated him to the rank of murshid (spiritual mentor).
Zaynulla-ishan left this world on 2 February 1917. He is buried in an ancient Muslim cemetery in Troitsk, Chelyabinsk region.
In 2016, one of the Juma mosques was bestowed with the name of Zainulla Sharif Rasulev in the city of Makhachkala, Dagestan


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