Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Monday, April 29, 2013

Maulana Muhammad Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni, RA (1900-1970)

Maulana Muhammad Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni, RA
Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni, RA (1900-1970) was a great Islamic Scholar, Sufi teacher, poet and statesman. He was a pioneer of Pakistan movement, member of Islamic Ideology Council, President Jamait ul Ulama e Pakistan and founder of Islamic College, Jamia Talimat e Islamiya, Karachi.
Family Background: His forefathers were religious & spiritual leaders who moved from Madina al-Munawwara, Hijaz to Dehli and then settled in Badayun. They were great Islamic Scholars and Sufi teachers. Badayun is called “Madina tul Awliya”, the City of Sufi Masters. His grandfather Maulana Abdul Majid Qadri RA was a Shaykh of Qadriya Sufi Order. Some of the great Indian Sufi Scholars from Badayun included Maulana Fazal Rasul Qadri, Maulana Ghulam Mohyuddin, Maulana Mureed Jilani, Maulana Abdul Qadir, Maulana Mateeh ur Rasul,  Shah Abd al-Muqtadar Qadri, Maulana Abdul Majid Qadri, Maulana Abdul Qadeer. They established Qadriya Khanqah to spread knowledge, spirituality and message of love & peace throughout Indian Subcontinent. Madrassa Qadriya became popular Islamic institution for the seekers of religious & spiritual knowledge. His father Maulana Shah Abdul Qayyum established another Islamic College “Madrassa Shams ul Ulum”  to meet the demands of large number of students. He received his religious education from his uncle Maulana Abdul Qadir and studied Islamic Medicine in Delhi with Hakim Ajmal Khan. He had a very strong spiritual connection with Prophet SAWS and Shaykh Abdul Qadri Jilani RA and always felt their spiritual presence. The Qadriya Sufi Scholars of Badayun were active in dissemination of Aqidah of Ahle Sunnah wal Jammah and in refutation of heretic sects.  A great convention of scholars was being organized at Patna.  He travelled with 300 scholars to participate. He was offering his Asr prayer at a railway station when the train started to leave. He was injured while catching the train. The local doctor treated him for 10 days and then released him to participate in Patna Conference. He was carried on a stretcher to the convention. He listened to the speeches of Ulama patiently on his bed. At the end of conference Salat o Salam, Salutation to the Prophet SAWS was being offered, he stood up out of love & respect for Prophet SAWS and passed away in that state . He thus joined the ranks of “Sufi Martyrs of Love”. Inna Lillahe Wa Inna Alaihe Raje’un.
Early Life and Education: He was born in Delhi, India on November 11, 1900 and his father Hakim Abdul Qayyum passed away when he was only 20 days old. He studied Islamic Sciences at Madrasa Qadiriya and Madrasa Ilahiya, Kanpur. His teachers included his Sufi Shaykh Maulana Shah Abd al-Maqtadar Badayuni, Maulana Qadeer Bakhsh Badayuni, Maulana Mufti Ibrahim, Maulana Mushtaq Kanpuri, Maulana Hafiz Bakhsh Badayuni, Maulan Muhib Ahmad, Maulana Wahid Hussain and Maulana Abdul Salam Falsafi. He was appointed Assistant Dean of Madrasa Shamsul Ulum for three years and also served as a teacher & mufti for 10 years. He also served as a Khateeb of Jamia Masjid Badayun.
Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) was a pan-Islamic political protest campaign launched by Indian Muslims to influence the British Raj and to protect Ottoman Empire during the aftermath of World War 1. Leaders of Khilafat Movement Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar and Maulana Shaukat Ali Johar visited Shah Abd al-Muqtadar Badayuni to seek his support. He instructed Maulana Abdul Hamid and his brother Abdul Majid to join the movement. Maulana Abdul Hamid served as a General Secretary of District Khilafat Committee and member of Majlis e Amla of Khilafat Provincial Committee and Central Khilafat Committee of Bombay. In 1920 an alliance was made between Khilafat Movement and Indian National Congress. Many Muslim leaders were concerned that Congress was being dominated by Hindu fundamentalists who were supporting the Shuddhi Movement.
Shuddhi Movement: Shuddhi means purification in Sanskrit and refers to reverting Muslims and Christians to Hinduisn, started by Arya Samaj in 1923. Maulana Abdul Hamid left the Congress and joined Markazi Tableeg al-Islam to oppose the Shuddhi Movement and actively worked to prevent the reversion of Muslims to Hinduism with Maulana Syed Naeem Muradabadi, Maulana Abdul Hafiz Qadri, Syed Jamait Ali Shah Muhathus Alipuri and Maulana Syed Abu al-Hasanat Qadri.
Pakistan Movement and Muslim League:  Tehrik e Pakistan refers to the successful historical movement against British Raj and Indian National Congress to have independent Muslim State named Pakistan.  Maulana Abdul Hamid became member of All India Muslim League Council in 1937. He toured U.P., Bihar, Uraisa, Bengal, Asam, Bombay, Karachi, Sindh, Balochistan and Sarhad to convince Muslims to vote for All India Muslim League. In Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) the Muslim League faced its hardest challenge yet, it had intense competition with Indian Congress supporter Khan Abdul Ghuffar Khan, known as Frontier Ghandi. Pir of Manki Sharif advised Muhammad Ali Jinnah to send Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni to NWFP to win the votes for Muslim League. He was given the title of “Fatih Sarhad”, Victor of NWFP. He also neutralized the influence of Pro-Congress Deobandi Scholar Hussain Ahmad Madni in Silhat and Bengal in favor of Muslim League.
Pakistan Resolution:  Qarardad-e-Pakistan was adopted on March 23, 1940 for creation of Pakistan. Maulana Abdul Hamid spoke in favor of the resolution at Minto Park, Lahore.
Truce between Quid e Azam and Nizam : In 1945 the differences between Quid e Azam and Mir Usman Ali Khan , ruler of Hyderabad Deccan became serious. Liaqat Ali Khan selected him to mediate since Nizam had great respect for him. He arranged meeting between the two to resolve the differences.
All India Sunni Conference: was held at Banaras in 1946 and Ameer e Millat  Syed Jamait Ali Shah declared Quid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah as “intimate of God” against the declaration of the Pro-Congress Scholars that he is a non-Muslim (Kafir). Maulana Abdul Hamid supported Ameer e Millat and spoke for more than 3 hours in support of Quid e Azam & Muslim League.
Delegation to Hijaz: He went to Hijaz in 1946 under leadership of Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui to request Saudi Government to end Hajj Tax and also to explain the mission of Muslim League to create Pakistan. He visited Haramain Sharifain 22 times and had met many Muslim Leaders.
Central Muhajireen Committee: He established Central Committee to help the immigrants in Karachi.
Council of Islamic Ideology: is a constitutional body responsible for giving legal advice on Islamic issues to the Government of Pakistan. He served as one of the original 8 members.  
Jamait e Ulama e Pakistan (JUP): He became the President after the death of Maulana Abu al-Hasanat Qadri.
Tahreek e Khatmee Nabuwwat: was a religious movement to protect the finality of Prophethood. He was active in this movement and was imprisoned for 3 months in a Karachi Jail.
Mawlid un Nabi SAWS Celebrations: He organized a grand procession in 1947 to celebrate Jashn e Milad un Nabi saws. Sindh Chief Minister and other dignitaries participated. He also used to organize the days of Khulfa e Rashideen, Imam Hussain and Syedna Ghous e Azam.
Islamic College, Jamia Taleemat e Islamiya:  He founded an Islamic College in Karachi for sacred and secular studies.
Publications:  He authored many books in Urdu, Arabic & English, wrote devotional poetry (Na’atiya Kalam) and his Tafsir of Quran was broadcasted on Radio Pakistan . List of Books:
1.Mashriq Ka Mazi wa Hal
 2.Murraqa Congress (printed in 1938)
3.Intekhabat kay Zaroori Pehlu
4.Masla e Azdawaj
5. Dawat e Amal
6.Musheer al-Hujjaj
7.Islam Ka Muashi Intezam
8.Falsafa Ibadat eIslami
9.Tashih al-Aqaid
10.Nizam e Amal
 11.Islam Ka Zaraiti Intezam
12.Kitab o Sunnat Ghairoon ke Nazroon Mein
13.Ta’asrat dora e Rus
14. Ta’asrat Dor e Chine
15.Humat e Sud
16. Aaeli qawanin
17. Divan e Maroof ke Tarteeb al-Mashkoor (Arabic)
19.Islamic Prayers (English)
20. Balshivism aur Islam
21. Wafad e Hijaz ke Report
Death: He passed away in Karachi on July 20, 1970, 15 Jamadi al-Aula 1390 Hijri. Salat al-Janaza was offered by Syed Shah Mukhtar Ashraf Ashrafi Jilani and was buried in Islamic College ground located on Mangoo Pir Road. Sabir Barari Qadri wrote this verse in Urdu indicating  year of his death.
Sal e Rehlat ko hay Sabir sabz e Ghumbad ke sada-- Alim e Mashhoor, Hamid, Azim e Bagh e Janan
Oh! Sabir.  On the year of his death, a voice came from the Green Tomb of Prophet saws—The great scholar Hamid is on his way to the Gardens of the Paradise.
1.       Tadhkira Akabir Ahle Sunnat, Muhammad Abdul Hakim Sharaf Qadri
2.       Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni: Hyat aur Qaumi wa Milli Khidmat, Maulana Syed Muhammad Faruq Ahmad Qadri
3.       Hyat Mujahid e Millat, Dr. Nasiruddin Siddiqui
4.       Mujahid e Millat Maulana Abdul Hamid Badayuni RA ke Milli wa Siasi Khidmat, Zahooruddin Khan Amratsri

Collected letters of Imam Ahmad Sirhindi RA, Letter 2, Volume 2, Part 8

Maktubat Imam Rabbani, Collected Letters of Imam Ahmad Sirhindi RA: Letter 2, Volume 2, Part 8
مکتوبِ نهایت زیبا، پر محتوی و آموزندهء حضرت امام ربانی مجددِ الف ثانی رضی الله عنه برای فرزندان ارجمند شان (خواجه محمد سعید و خواجه محمد معصوم رحمهماالله) در موقع که حضرت امام در قلعهء گوالیار هندوستان محبوس بودند. این مکتوب بیشتر به وصیت نامه مشابهت دارد. 

الحمدلله ربّ العالمینَ فی الّسرّاء و الضّرّاء و فی الیُسرِ و العُسر و فی النعمةِ و النِقمة و فی الرّحمةِ والزّحمة و فی الشدِّة و الرَخاء و فی العِطیَة و البلاء و الصلوة و السّلام عی من مّا أذِیَ نبیٌ مثلَ إیذائه و ما أبتُلِیَ رسولٌ نحو ابتلائه، لهذا صارَ رحمةٌ للعالمین و سیّد الاولین و الأخرین.

فرزندانِ گرامی وقتِ ابتلاء هرچند تلخ و بی مزه است اما اگر فرصت دهند مُغتَنَم است، درین وقت چون شما را فرصت داده اند حمدِ خدا جلّ شأنه بجا آورده متوجّه کارِ خود باشند و یک لمحه و لحظه فراغت برخود تجویز نکنند، و یکی از سه چیز باید که خالی از آن نباشند، تلاوتِ قرآن مجید، ادای نماز بطولِ قرآئت و تکرار کلمهء طیبهء لَا إلهَ إلا الله. باید که به کلمهء لا نفی آلِههء هوا های نفس خود نمایند و دفع مقاصد و مُرادات خویش کنند، مُرادِ خود طلبیدن دعوی الوهیّت خود کردن است، باید که هیچ مرادِ را در ساحتِ سینه گنجایش نبود و هیچ هوسی در مُتَخیِله نماند تا حقیقت بندگی متحقق شود. 

مراد خود خواستن دفع مرادِ مولای خود است و معارضه کردن است با صاحب (مالک) خود و این معنی مستلزم نفی مولایِ خود است و اثباتِ مولویّت خود. قُبح این امر را نیک دریافته نفی دعوی الوهیّت خود نمایند تا زمانیکه از هواها و هوس ها بِتمام پاک نگردند و جز مرادِ مولا مرادی نداشته باشند. این معنی بِعنایة اللهِ سبحانه امید است که در ایَام بلاء و در اوقات ابتلاء بسهولت میسر گردد، و در غیر این ایام این هوا ها و هوس ها سد های سکندریة است، در گوشه های خزیده باین امر مُشتغِل باشند که فرصت مُغتَنَم است، و در زمان فِتَن اندک را به بسیار قبول مینمایند و در غیر زمان فِتَن ریاضات و مجاهدات شاقه در کار است، خبر شرط است ملاقات واقع شود یا نه.

نصیحت همین است که مُرادی و هوسی نماند. والدهء خود را نیز باین معنی مُطلع سازند و دلالت نمایند. باقی احوال این نشأة (دنیا) چون گذرنده است چه در معرضِ بیان آرد. بر خوردان شفقت دارید و بخواندن ترغیب نمائید و اهلِ حقوق را تا توانید از جانبِ ما راضی سازید و بدعای سلامتیِ ایمان مُمِد و معاون باشید. مکرّر و موکد نوشته میشود این وقت را بأمور لا طائل (بی فایده) صرف نکنند و بغیر ذکر إلهی جلّ شأنه باید که بهیچ چیز نه پردازند اگرچه مطالعهء کتب و تکرارِ طَلَبه بود، 
وقتِ ذکر است. 

هواهای نفسانی را که آلههء باطله اند در تحتِ لا آرند تا تمام منتفی شوند و هیچ مُرادی و مقصودی در سینه نماند حتی خلاصی من، که بالفعل از أهمِ مقاصد شما است نیز باید که مرادِ شما نباشد و بتقدیرِ و فِعل و ارادهء او تعالی راضی باشند. و در جانبِ إثبات کلمهء طیبه غیر از غیبِ هویت که ورای ورای معلومات و متخیلات است هیچ نباشد. غمِ حویلی و سراء و چاه و باغ و کتب و اشیای دیگر خود سهل است، باید که هیچ چیز مزاحم وقت شما نشود، و غیر از مرضیات حق جلّ و علاء مراد و مَرضِی شما نباشد، اگر ما میمردیم این همه اشیاء میرفت، گو در حیاتِ ما رفته باشد، هیچ فکر نکنند. اولیاء این امور را باختیار خود گذاشته اند ما باختیار او تعالی این امور را بگذاریم و شکر بجا آریم، و امید که از مخلَصان باشیم بفتح لام.

جائیکه نشسته اند همان را وطن انگارند، حیاتِ چند روزه هرجا که گذرد باید که به یادِ حق جلّ شأنه گذرد و معامله دنیا سهل است متوجه آخرت باشند، والدهء خود را تسلّی بدهند و ترغیب آخرت نمایند. ماند ملاقات یک دیگر، اگر حق سبحانه و تعالی خواسته باشد میسَر خواهد شد و إلا بتقدیر او تعالی راضی باشند و دعاء کنند که در دارالسَلام جمع گردیم و تلافیِ مُلاقات دنیا را به کرمِ او تعالی در آخرت حواله نمائیم. الحمدللهِ علی کلِّ حال.

مکتوبات امامِ ربانی مجددِ الف ثانی قدس الله سره العزیز، مکتوبِ شماره 2 جلد دوم حصهء هشتم
که به مخدوم زاده های گرامی خواجه محمد سعید و خواجه محمد معصوم قدس الله سرهما صدور یافته در مواعظ و انقطاع از خلق و توسّل به جناب حضرت حق سبحانه و تعالی.
Maktubat Imam Rabbani,
Letter to his sons Khwaja Muhammad Saeed and Khwaja Muhammad Masum from Gawalyar Prison.
Advice to connect with God and not with material world.
Praises to God, the Sustainer of the worlds.
All the praises are due to God, the Lord of the Universe during happiness or sadness, ease or difficulty, mercy or punishment, prosperity or misfortune and during all the situations and blessings and salutations to the Prophet saws who endured torture like no other Prophet and his trails were not like any other. That is why he became the mercy for the worlds & the leader of those before and after him.     
My honorable Sons: Even though the time of difficulty & trail is painful, it also provides opportunity to praise God and keep yourself busy at least with one of the three things, 1. Quranic recitation, 2. Prolonged recitation of Quran during prayers. 3. Repetition of the word of Purity, Kalima e Tayyiba “la ilaha illa’llah, There is no god but Allah.  With La of Kalima negate the desires of your ego self and keep a distance from your own whims & wishes. Fulfillment of desires as only objective in life means that you are claiming Divinity for yourself. Your heart should be free of any desires and your thoughts free of any greed, so that you can realize the reality of servanthood. Wishing for your own desires means rejecting your Lord’s wishes and quarreling with Him. This amounts to negation of your Lord and confirmation of your lordship. Try to understand this evil thinking and negate your claim for divinity until you are cleansed of desires and greed. Your sole purpose in life is to submit to the wishes of your Lord. With grace of God you will understand this advice better during the time of trial and tribulation. Please also inform your mother about this advice and guide her. The affairs of this material world will pass by .Be kind to the young and encourage them to study. Fulfill the rights of deserving people on my behalf and join me in prayers for peace and safety. I want to emphasize not to waste time in useless matters and do not busy yourself in anything other than God Almighty even if involves studying books and discussion with students. This is the time for Remembrance of God. Selfish desires are like false gods, bring them under control of La and negate them so that heart is empty of any other desire or purpose. Even my release from prison should not be your main objective and be pleased with God‘s will and command.
Material things of this world such as home, garden, books and other belonging should not be source of worry and your goal in life should be to seek pleasure of God Almighty. We will leave everything here when we die and if we lose them during this life; it should not be source of worry. Friends of God ( Awliya Allah) has left material things willingly and we can also leave them with help of God. We should thank God and hope and pray to be included amongst the sincere ones (mukhliseen).
Consider your present location as your home .Spend the short time we have in this world in remembrance of God. Matters of this world are easy, stay focused on hereafter. Comfort your mother and remind her of hereafter. If God wills we will meet, otherwise we are contented with His destiny. Let us pray that we be together in the paradise.  Praises to God during all situations. (Alhamdolillahe ala kulle Hal)
Source:  Imperfect translation by Ahmed Mirza Servant, NFIE from Urdu Translation by Maulana Saeed Ahmad Naqshbandi, Maktubat Imam Rabbani, Volume 3, Daftar 3, Part 1, Maktub 2