Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Tuesday, October 31, 2023

Hidden Caliphate: Sufi Saints beyond the Oxus and Indus - A Conversation with Author Waleed Zaid by Dr.Naeem Mushtaq - November 29,2022

YouTube Video :

Book : Amazon - Hidden Caliphate: Sufi Saints beyond the Oxus and Indus - 

Waleed Zaid

“A brilliant transregional study of the Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi scholastic–religious networks (the batini khilafat) in Khurasan, Hindustan, and Transoxiana that significantly advances the field of Persianate studies. Ziad traces sacred networks of cultural and economic exchange as well as the leadership structure that helped maintain a degree of stability during a time of political decentralization. A must-read for all interested in Sufism, the Persianate sphere in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and the history of the Afghan empire.”Jo-Ann Gross, Professor of History, Emeritus, The College of New Jersey

Waleed Ziad is Assistant Professor and Ali Jarrahi Fellow in Persian Studies in the Department of Religious Studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Formerly a Research Fellow at the Abdallah S. Kamel Center for the Study of Islamic Law and Civilization at Yale Law School, Ziad has conducted fieldwork in over 120 towns across Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Pakistan.

Interview : Saints, Scholars, Poets , Jurists & Politicians of Sufi Hidden Caliphate - Voices of Central Asia- March 8,2023

Sufi Shrines of Uzbekistan : Mavlyuda Yusupova - Fine Arts Research Institute, Tashkent - Michigan  State University - Nov. 7,2022

YouTube Video : Excellent Slides of Architecture & History:

Islamic Architecture of Uzbekistan – Development and Features - Mavlyuda Yusupova - Fine Arts Research Institute, Tashkent


With the introduction of Islam in VIII century on the territory of modern Uzbekistan, an expressive Islamic architecture was shaped, based on the rich local traditions. New types of religious constructions came up. Islamic architecture in Uzbekistan was enriched during the period of 10th–12th and of 14th–17th centuries. It had common regional lines, as well as features from local architectural schools of Bukhara, Samarkand, Khwarazm and Fergana. Among the various types of architectural structures, the most widespread are the portal-domed compositions for mausoleums, khanaqahs, maqsuras, etc., courtyard-iwan structure for Jamie-mosques, madrasahs, rabats and most memorial complexes. There were three basic types of mosque constructions: quarter, Jami-mosques and celebratory mosques, musallas or namazgahs. Minarets also had local features in the form of a lantern and a decor of a cylindrical trunk. Mausoleums were actively constructed from the end of 9th century up to the 15th century but during 16th–17th centuries, the practice was abandoned. Madrasahs became known here from the 10th century onwards. Earliest three of them, built by Ulugbek in 15th century have remained in Bukhara, Samarkand and Gijduvan. Khanaqah–based on a portal-domed structure with a spacious central prayer hall called dzikr-khana, played the role of monasteries and prayer hall for Sufis. From the 15th–17th centuries, most monumental khanaqahs were popular here. The Naqshbandi sufi order was constructed. More than 2,200 monuments of Islamic architecture dating from 9th–20th centuries have been preserved in Uzbekistan. Most of them are located in large cities along the Great Silk Road as Bukhara, Samarkand, Khiva and Shakhrisabz are included into the World Heritage List of UNESCO.