Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education

The Naqshbandiya Foundation for Islamic Education (NFIE) is a non-profit, tax exempt, religious and educational organization dedicated to serve Islam with a special focus on Tasawwuf(Sufism),

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Hāji Dost Muhammad Qandahāri Naqshbandi (1801-1868), a great Naqshbandi master of India in the 19th century

Shaykh Haji Dost Muhammad Qandahari and the Wahhabi sect
Excerpt from letter 30 of the Maktubat of Hāji Dost Muhammad Qandahāri Naqshbandi (1801-1868), a great Naqshbandi master of India in the 19th century

Written to Molvi Abdullāh, advising him to refrain from the beliefs of the Wahhabi sect

It has come to knowledge through the visitors that Molvi Ghiyās ad-Dīn believes in the issues of the Wahhabi sect and teaches these issues to the people. Therefore it is emphasized to you in writing that abhor the beliefs of the Wahhabis and loathe by heart the Ismāīli Wahhabi sect [1]. To maintain the right doctrine and to do the (righteous) acts, the books written by the pious ancesters the Ahl as-Sunnāt wal-Jamā’ah are sufficient for us. These books should be under your consideration, do not read the writings of the Wahhabi sect and refrain from their beliefs. If you wish to observe the powerful effect of our Great Masters in yourself, may Allah best sanctify their secrets , then you should follow your masters in all issues, practical or doctrinal, apparent or inner. Allah willing, you will get the fruit of the Reality and Cognition of the Exalted Haqq. Just say: Allah bass Māsiwā Abas wa Hawas wan-Qati’ alaih in-Nafs (Allah is sufficient, everything else is vain and lust, cut-off youself from them).

That’s all.

And Salām is the best ending -  Courtesy: Facebook Ghulam Muhammad Mojaddidi

Friday, April 17, 2020

Fazl-i Ahmad Faruqi Naqshandi Mujaddidi (1231 AH)

Fazl-i Ahmad Faruqi Naqshandi Mujaddidi (1231 AH)
One of the renowned Naqshbandī Sufi masters of Peshawar city was the luminary saint and mystic Ḥaz̤rat Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥmad Fārūqī Naqshbandī Mujaddidī, also known as Ḥaz̤rat Jio Ṣāḥib. In written works, he is often referred to as Faz̤l-i Aḥmad Maʻṣūmī.
His real name was Ghulām Muḥammad. He ancestral lineage goes to the second caliph of Islam ʻUmar ibn al-Khaṭṭāb raḍiy-Allāhu ʻanhu, through the elder brother of Mujaddid Alf-i S̲ānī Shāh ʻAbdur-Razzāq Fārūqī.
He was a maternal great-grandson of Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī. His father was Shaykh Niyāz Aḥmad Mujaddidī, son of Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad Maʻṣūmī. Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad is the author of Maqāmāt-i Maʻṣūmī, a renowned book on the biography of Khwāja Muḥammad Maʻṣūm Fārūqī Sirhindī. Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad was also a maternal grandson of Khwāja Muḥammad Maʻṣūm. His paternal lineage is as follows:
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥmad, son of Shaykh Niyāz Aḥmad, son of Mīr Ṣafar Aḥmad, son of Shaykh Faz̤lullāh, son of Shaykh ʻAbdul-Qādir, son of Shaykh Muḥammad Amīn, son of Shāh ʻAbdur-Razzāq, son of Makhdūm ʻAbdul-Aḥad Sirhindī (father of Imām Rabbānī).
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥmad was born approximately in 1151 AH in the noble town Sirhind, India. He completed his religious education and acquired mastery in all exoteric sciences, including jurisprudence, Ḥadīth, and Tafsīr. He received spiritual mentoring from his maternal grandfather Shaykh Muḥammad Rasā Mujaddidī, and acquired the deputyship in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Path. Later, he associated himself with Sayyid ʻAbdullāh Bukhārī, a deputy of Shaykh ʻAbdul-Aḥad Waḥdat Sirhindī, and received deputyship in the Qādrī and Chishtī Paths. He once said: “I have served the venerable Mīr Ṣāḥib (Sayyid ʻAbdullāh) a lot. All these blessings (barakāt) are a result of his company and favors.”
His khānqāh was in Peshawar where he used to live. To spread the Naqshbandī Order, he traveled to many places and journeyed at least five times from Peshawar to Bukhara. His son established a khānqāh in Kokand, Uzbekistan. The rulers of Bukhara were his disciples.
He established a number of Islamic colleges in Afghanistan and Central Asia, and had hundreds of deputies who spread this Sufi Order to far and wide. Local rulers and kings counted themselves among his disciples, including Shah Murad (1785-1800), founder of the Mangit dynasty of Bukhara (1785-1920).
He used to deliver sermons and lectures and would often teach Fiqh and Tasawwuf to his followers, particularly he would read and explain the letters of Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī, the Maktūbāt. All the Sufi masters of the Naqshbandī Order have made a practice of teaching the Maktūbāt to their disciples, and this book is of great importance for Naqshandī seekers and masters.
A student once recited a Naat in his presence to praise the Holy Prophet ṣall-Allāhu ʻalayhi wasallam. When he recited this verse:
Where is the praise and admiration that can describe you?
The shaykh liked this so much, he prayed for the student and granted him a piece of land about 2.5 acres and a well.
It is said he gave away all his possessions in charity for the sake of Allāh Almighty, and he did this three times in his life.
Spiritual lineage
His spiritual lineage to Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī in the Naqshbandī Path is as follows:
Imām Rabbānī Shaykh Aḥmad Sirhindī (d.1034 AH)
Khwāja Muḥammad Maʻṣūm Fārūqī Sirhindī (d.1079 AH)
Shaykh ʻUbaydullāh Sirhindī and Khwāja Muḥammad Naqshband Sirhindī alias Ḥujjatullāh (d.1115 AH)
Shaykh Muḥammad Pārsā Sirhindī
Shaykh Muḥammad Rasā Sirhindī
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥmad Fārūqī Mujaddidī Naqshbandī Peshāwarī (d.1231 AH)
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥad Mujaddidī
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Quddūs Mujaddidī
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Ghaffār Mujaddidī
Mawlānā Shujāʻ an-Nūr
Mawlānā ʻAbdullāh Jān Fārūqī Mujaddidī (d.2004)
He died on 30 Dhul-Ḥijja 1231 AH (1816) and is buried in Peshawar, Pakistan. His noble grave and shrine is located in Mohalla Faz̤l-e Ḥaqq, Yakatoot, Peshawar city, and is a place of pilgrimage for his spiritual followers.
His biography was written by one of his Bukharan deputies under the title Tuḥfat al-Murshid (Persian). Its Urdu translation has been published.
Malfūẓāt (speeches)
Following are some passages from his speeches:
One who is rejected by a single saint is rejected by all saints. Similarly one accepted by a single saint is accepted by all saints. Sheep and dogs have distinctiveness, the lions of Allāh are united as one.
It is necessary for a Sufi to believe that his own self is the worst of all. One who considers himself better than anyone, never reaches his goal.
The hell and the paradise are always together with you, while you are searching for them in the distance. Your good character is the paradise and your evil character is the hell.
Some names of his deputies known to me at this time are:
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Ḥaqq Mujaddidī (son)
Shaykh Faz̤l-i Aḥad Mujaddidī (son)
Mīr Ghulām Maʻṣūm (son-in-law)
Sayyid Niẓām ad-Dīn Balkhī Mazārī, author of Tuḥfat al-Murshid (Persian)

Mawlana Khalid Baghdadi Kurdi Naqshbandi (d.1242 AH)

Mawlana Khalid Baghdadi Kurdi Naqshbandi (d.1242 AH)
Hadrat Mawlānā Khālid al-Baghdādī ʻUthmānī Kurdī Shāfiʿī Naqshbandī Mujaddidī (d.1242 AH) qaddas-Allāhu sirrahū is one of the greatest Naqshbandi masters who spread and firmly established the noble Naqshbandi Sufi Order in the Middle East, Turkey and Europe. He was an illustrious deputy of the great Sufi saint of India Shāh ʿAbdullāh alias Ghulām-ʿAlī Dahlawī (d.1240 AH).

In his short life of 47 years, he not only achieved the highest qualifications of exoteric knowledge, but also gained sublime spiritual stations and spread this noble Path into the farthest areas of Earth including the Middle East, Europe, Africa, Indonesia and many other countries.
Mawlānā Khālid was born in Sulaymaniyah, Iraq in approximately 1190 AH (1779).
He died in Damascus, Syria on 11 Dhul-Qaʻdah 1242 AH (June 1827).
Defender of the Sunni Islam
Mawlānā Khālid was a great saint and an exalted scholar of the Sunni tradition, and always upheld the true path of Islam. He refuted and debated with the misguided sects. His students record that he was a brilliant debater and was hugely successful in his debates against the twelver Shia sect and always defeated them.
During his lifetime, the Wahhabi sect was emerging in the Arabia, fueled and funded by the European colonists. Europeans wanted to destroy the Ottoman caliphate, the last symbol of Islamic power, and followed their strategy of divide and conquer. They supported the Wahhabis against the Ottomans in the form of Arabian nationalism. The Wahhabis raided the holy cities of Islam Makkah and Madinah, and killed many innocent people including scholars and Sufi masters. They attacked and desecrated the holy places such as the noble tombs of the Sahaba and Ahl al-Bayt. Mawlānā Khālid ordered some of his disciples and deputies to take part in the defense of the holy cities and fight against the Wahhabi terrorists.
Mawlānā Khālid trained thousands of disciples in the sublime Sufi Path of Naqshbandī Mujaddidī, and a number of them became his deputies and successors. These deputies traveled far and wide and spread this Sufi Order in many lands. Here I want to list the names of these great saints and their whereabouts.
Mawlānā ʻAbbās Kuwaitī
Sayyid ʻAbdul-Ghafūr Baghdādī
Mawlānā ʻAbdullāh Hirātī, Afghanistan (died in 1240’s)
Sayyid ʻAbdullāh Jīlānī Hakkārī (died in 1250’s)
Shaykh ʻAbdullāh Makkī Arzinjānī (died in 1240’s)
Shaykh ʻAbdullāh ibn ʻAbdur-Rahmān Kurdī (died in 1240’s)
Sayyid ʻAbdul-Qādir Barzanjī
Shaykh ʻAbdul-Qādir Dimalānī
Shaykh ʻAbdur-Rahmān Kurdī, Syria
Mawlānā Abū-Bakr Baghdādī
Shaykh Ahmad Izmīrī, Turkey
Sayyid Ahmad Barzanjī (died in 1250’s)
Shaykh Ahmad al-Khatīb Arbīlī, khalīfa in Damascus
Mullā Ahmad Kurdī Hakkārī, Makkah
Shaykh ʻĀshiq Misrī, the last deputy of Mawlānā Khālid
Shaykh Mawlānā Hidāyatullāh Arbalī
Shaykh Husain ibn Ahmad Dūsarī Basarī Shāfiʻī (d.1250 AH/1834)
Shaykh ʻĪsā Kurdī
Shaykh Ismāʻīl Anārānī Kurdī (d.1242 AH)
Sayyid Ismāʻīl Barzanjī Kurdī, khalīfa in Madīnah
Shaykh Ismāʻīl Basarī
Shaykh Ismāʻīl Shirwānī
Shaykh Khālid Jazīrī
Shaykh Khās Muhammad Shirwānī
Shaykh Mahmūd as-Sāhib Uthmānī, Mawlānā Khālid’s brother
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Sulaimān Baghdādī Hanafī (d.1234 AH)
Shaykh Muhammad al-Imām, died during his master’s lifetime in 1230 AH, buried in Baghdad in the shrine of Junaid al-Baghdādī
Imām Muhammad Amīn Ibn-ʻĀbidīn Shāmī Hanafī (d.1252 AH/1836)
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Khānī
Mawlānā Muhammad Qazlarī
Shaykh Muhammad Sālih, Imam of Shāfiʻī Fiqh in Makkah
Mawlānā Mustafā ibn Jalāluddīn Kalʻanbarī
Shaykh Mūsā Bandanījī
Mawlānā Mūsā Jibūrī Baghdādī
Mullā Rasūl, Iran
Sayyid Tāhā Hakkārī Jīlānī
Sayyid Ubaydullāh Haydarī, Mufti of Baghdād
Shaykh ʻUthmān Sirājuddīn